Machu Picchu is located in the Cusco Region of Peru, South America. It’s situated on a mountain ridge over the Urubamba Valley in Peru, that is 80 kilometres northwest of Cusco. Believed taht Machu Picchu was built as an estate for the Inca emperor Pachacuti (1438-1472). , at the height of the Inca Empire but known on international recognition in 1911 by the American historian Hiram Bingham. Machu Picchu was built in the classical Inca style, with polished dry-stone walls. Its three primary structures are the Intihuatana (Hitching post of the Sun), the Temple of the Sun, and the Room of the Three Windows. Machu Picchu stands 2,430 m above sea-level, in the middle of a tropical mountain forest, in an extraordinarily beautiful setting.
To Machu Picchu:
Machu Picchu lies 43 miles (70 kilometers) northwest of the city of Cuzco on an altitude of 7,700 feet (2,350 meters) above sea level. You can visit the enigmatic ruins by train or by hiking the Inca Trail or the Lares Trek.
There are daily trains from Cuzco to Aguas Calientes. In Aguas Calientes you can either hop on the bus for the steep route to Machu Picchu or do the climb on foot. The train takes four hours and travels through stunning scenery full of rolling hills and picturesque villages. This is an ideal option for travelers who want to see the Sacred Valley and Machu Picchu
Due to the impact of mass tourism on Machu Picchu only 500 permits per day are issued for the Inca Trail. This permit should be booked well in advance. The Inca Trail to Machu Picchu is closed in February for maintenance.
The Lares Trek offers an alternative, but equally breathtaking, hike to Machu Picchu. You do not need permits for the Lares Trek.
Interest Place in Machu Picchu
Huayna Picchu (Wayna Picchu)
Huayna Picchu is a mountain in Peru around which the Urubamba River bends. It rises over Machu Picchu, the so-called “lost city of the Incas” and divides it into sections. The Incas built a trail up the side of the Huayna Picchu and built temples and terraces on its top. The peak of Huayna Picchu is about 2,720 metres (8,920 ft) above sea level, or about 360 metres (1,180 ft) higher than Machu Picchu.